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ccarver - 8/14/2013 7:28:06 AM
Encounter group vs. Integrity group
It was mentioned at this year's workshop that some programs have replaced encounter groups with integrity groups.  Can I have more information on this?

eeagle - 8/16/2013 11:34:46 AM
RE:Encounter group vs. Integrity group
 This study describes the evolution of encounter groups and may be of interest in answer to your question. 
~Andy Klein

Addict Behav. 2004 Feb;29(2):231-44.

Evolution of encounter group methods in therapeutic communities for substance abusers.

Broekaert E, Vandevelde S, Schuyten G, Erauw K, Bracke R.

Department of Orthopedagogics, Ghent University, H. Dunantlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.


Some literature indicates an evolution in the concept underlying therapeutic communities (TC, for substance abusers), where encounter group methods evolved from harsh confrontation to dialogue and discussion. The literally transcribed proceedings of two similar encounter groups, held at a 20-year interval, were systematically analyzed on four main variables: direction of communication sequences and associated behavior, emotions, and attitudes of all participants (staff members and "older" and "newer" residents). In general, "toward" and "back" messages are relatively more balanced in the "new" encounter (2000) as compared with the "old" encounter (1980). Furthermore, associated behavior in the "new" encounter is found to be more supportive, whereas ventilated emotions are more negative than in the "old" encounter. The number of communication units within the "old" and "new" encounter, characterizing a positive or negative attitude, seems to have remained stable over the years. These findings support the reported evolution in encounter groups, where the focus has moved from mutual confrontation toward balanced and respectful dialogue.